The thyroid gland is a large gland found in the neck. It secretes and releases hormones that control the way your bodies utilize energy. The thyroid gland is probably the most important gland in the human body based on its functions.
The thyroid gland controls the metabolism of every cell in your body:
- Affects the way you feel
- Controls your heartbeat
- Intestinal function
You need the thyroid gland to perform optimally. If not, the hormone regulating your metabolism would not be produced. This would lead to a condition called hypothyroidism.
The thyroid gland takes iodine from the food that you consume to produce two hormones.
- Triiodothyronine (T3)
- Thyroxine (T4)
These two hormones are sent into the bloodstream. They play the vital role of regulating the speed with which a cell works, such as the heart rate per minute. These hormones need to be maintained at the optimal levels. If they are not, then they underperform and hypothyroidism results.
Hypothyroidism is defined as an underactive thyroid gland.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
- Lethargy and fatigue
- Lack of initiative to workout
- Dry skin regardless of efforts to moisturize it
- Dry hair and hair loss
- Hair loss
- Fragile nails
- Difficulty concentrating
- Being overly sensitive to cold temperatures
- Loss of memory
- Inability to lose weight regardless of diet and exercise
When a patient experiences these symptoms and goes to the hospital for testing, the tests conducted may not show an underactive or overactive thyroid. If the doctor goes by what the blood tests return, they will miss out on the correct diagnosis. It is best at this point to go with the symptoms that the patient presents. This is the only way to treat hypothyroidism.
Once you have been diagnosed with an underactive thyroid, your doctor will prescribe medication. This medication takes between two and twelve weeks to work. You are supposed to take the medication until the fully prescribed dosage is complete. If you fail to do this, the symptoms that you had before will automatically come back.
Best Hypothyroidism Doctors in New York
My Thyroid MD – Dr. Hugh D. Melnick – is the best hypothyroidism doctor in New York to diagnose and treat thyroid conditions. Dr. Melnick is available for consultation via Skype. Please click the link below and enter your information – or – call 212.369.8700 directly.