Reducing Side Effects During Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy

Reducing Side Effects During Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy

July 9, 2020 0

Taking your daily prescribed hormone replacement medication is the first and foremost best way to alleviate unpleasant side effects. Neglecting to take your thyroid hormone replacement medication as prescribed can lead to more symptoms. Thyroid replacement hormones are usually well-tolerated by most patients.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Side Effects

Unpleasant side effects experienced during therapy are often due to the level of thyroid hormones prescribed. An incorrect prescription will exacerbate hypothyroidism symptoms and increase side effects of hormone medication. Always consult with your doctor before ceasing your medication because of unpleasant side effects.

  • Irregular periods
  • Chest pain
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased pulse rate
  • Excessive sweating
  • Heat intolerance
  • Nervousness
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Fever

Self-Help Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Side Effects

After you have consulted with your doctor to have your hormone replacement medication prescription adjusted, there are some simple self-help remedies you can use to alleviate any unpleasant hypothyroidism medication side effects.


According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), selenium is a trace element that plays a part in thyroid hormone metabolism. Many foods contain selenium.

  • Tuna
  • Turkey
  • Brazil nuts
  • Grass-fed beef

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis is an immune system attack on the thyroid. It often reduces the body’s selenium supply. Supplementing this trace element has shown to help balance thyroxine – T4 – levels in some people.

It’s important to talk with your doctor about how much selenium supplementation may help to alleviate your medication side-effects.

Vitamin B-12

Low thyroid hormones can affect your body’s vitamin B-12 levels. Taking a vitamin B-12 supplement may help you repair some of the damage hypothyroidism caused.

Vitamin B-12 may help with the tiredness hypothyroidism can cause. The disease also affects your vitamin B-1 levels. You can add more B vitamins to by including many common foods in your diet.

  • Peas
  • Beans
  • Asparagus
  • Sesame seeds
  • Tuna
  • Cheese
  • Milk
  • Eggs

Vitamin B-12 is generally safe for most healthy individuals at recommended levels. Talk with your doctor about how much vitamin B-12 may be right for you.

Gluten-Free Diet

Adopting a gluten-free diet is more than a fad for many people with hypothyroidism. According to the National Foundation for Celiac Awareness, a significant number of people with thyroid disease also have celiac disease. Celiac disease is a digestive disorder in which gluten triggers an immune response in the small intestines.

Many people suffering from hypothyroidism have reduced medication side effects and do feel better after removing wheat and other gluten-containing foods from their diet.

NOTE: Some prepackaged, gluten-free foods aren’t a good choice because these contain a high fat content and less fiber.

Sugar-Free Diet

Sugar and processed foods cause increased body inflammation. Inflammation can slow down the conversion of T4 to triiodothyronine (T3), another thyroid hormone. This can make your symptoms and medication side-effects worsen. Eliminating sugar from your diet may help regulate your energy levels and help reduce your stress levels.

Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy Expertise

Dr. Hugh Melnick – founder of Advanced Fertility Services in NYC – has decades of clinical experience in diagnosing and treating subclinical hypothyroidism. Read the Doctor’s contribution to the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology about subclinical hypothyroidism and its effect on a woman’s fertility.

Your initial consultation with the Doctor can be conducted via telephone, Skype or FaceTime.

Schedule your initial consultation with Dr. Hugh Melnick at Advanced Fertility Services by calling 212.369.8700 – or – post your comments and questions below.

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