A unique thyroid condition known as Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis – or autoimmune thyroiditis – is one of the most common forms of hypothyroidism. Patients suffering from Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis have an underactive thyroid gland and test positive for anti-thyroid antibodies. Dr. Hugh Melnick can help you pinpoint the origins of your Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis – as well as any intensifying lifestyle factors – when designing a personalized hormone replacement therapy plan.
Autoimmune thyroiditis is a complex medical condition that involves diverse biologic functions. A combination of factors — including heredity, sex and age — may determine your likelihood of developing the disorder.
- Immunologic Defense System
- Thyroid Function
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis is a case of mistaken immunologic identity. The patient’s immune system mistakes its own normal producing cells as a potential biological threat. The body then produces antibodies which kill the normal thyroid hormone producing cells.
Dr. Hugh Melnick specializes in determining what causes a patient’s immune system – the body’s normal defense system against foreign invaders that cause disease – to mistakenly attack its own healthy thyroid gland.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s
The signs or symptoms of Hashimoto’s may go unnoticed in the beginning stages. There may be a swelling in the front of your throat – indicative of a goiter condition. Hashimoto’s progresses slowly over years and causes chronic thyroid damage. This will lead to a drop in thyroid hormone levels in your blood. The signs and symptoms are mainly those of an underactive thyroid gland – hypothyroidism.
Signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- Fatigue and sluggishness
- Increased sensitivity to cold
- Pale, dry skin
- A puffy face
- Brittle nails
- Hair loss
- Enlargement of the tongue
- Unexplained weight gain
- Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
- Joint pain and stiffness
- Muscle weakness
- Excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding
- Memory lapses
When to See a Doctor
- Tiredness for no apparent reason
- Dry skin
- Pale, puffy face
Periodic testing of your thyroid function will be necessary if:
- You’ve had thyroid surgery
- You’ve had treatment with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications
- You’ve had radiation therapy to your head, neck or upper chest
If you have high blood cholesterol, talk to your doctor about whether hypothyroidism may be a cause. If you’re receiving hormone therapy for hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto’s, schedule follow-up visits as often as your doctor recommends. It’s important to make sure you’re receiving the correct dose of hormone replacement medicine. Over time, the dose you need to adequately replace your thyroid function may change.
Preferred Hormone Replacement Therapy for Hashimoto’s
Extracts of thyroxine (T-4) that contain hormones are derived from the thyroid glands of pigs. These products — Armour Thyroid – for example – contain both levothyroxine and triiodothyronine (T-3).
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Testing & Treatment Expertise
Dr. Hugh Melnick – founder of Advanced Fertility Services in NYC – has decades of research and clinical experience in diagnosing and treating Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. Read the Doctor’s contribution to the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology about subclinical hypothyroidism and its effect on a woman’s fertility.
Your initial consultation with the Doctor can be conducted via telephone, Skype or FaceTime.
Schedule your initial consultation with Dr. Hugh Melnick at Advanced Fertility Services by calling 212.369.8700 – or – post your comments and questions below.